Macular degeneration (MD) relates to the macula of the eye. The macula is the part of the retina which allows us to see fine detail and appreciate colour. It is the small area near the middle of the retina, which is responsible for the central part of what we see.
MD becomes more likely as a person ages and the cells in the macula become damaged and worn out (known as age-related macular degeneration or AMD). This is a common disease, there are effective treatments for some types of AMD.
MD that is not age-related is most commonly caused by an inherited condition. These forms are sometimes called juvenile macular degeneration.
To learn more, visit the Macular Degeneration New Zealand website.